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Passive range-of-motion the therapist or equipment moves the joint through the range of motion without any effort from the patient. A word from verywell you need to be able to move your joints through their normal ranges to perform many tasks of daily living and job duties as well as to enjoy physical activity and sports. Range of motion is the measurement of movement around a specific joint or body part. Lets say a soccer player named jane has torn a ligament in her knee and is working with a physical therapist. The shoulder is a complex joint system three bones and five joints that can move in multiple directions. Your normal shoulder range of motion depends on your health and flexibility. Range of motion is how far you can move your joints in different directions. These exercises help you move each joint through its full range of motion. Movement can help keep your joints flexible, reduce pain, and improve balance and strength. Data from the joint range of motion study provide a baseline to learn more about loss of mobility due to joint bleeding. About the study to have a baseline with which to compare people with bleeding disorders, the joints of more than 600 people in the general population without bleeding disorders were measured as part of the study. Range of motion rom range of motion is the range through which a joint can move or be moved. Range of motion testing is performed to determine whether the range is limited, normal or excessive. Chapter 13 measurement of range of motion of the ankle and foot ankle, subtalar, and transverse tarsal joints anatomy the ankle, or talocrural, joint consists of the articulation of a concave proximal, mortise-shaped joint surface formed by the distal tibia and fibular malleolus, with the convex proximal surface of the talus (fig.). Chapter 11 measurement of range of motion of the hip anatomy the hip is a ball-and-socket joint that consists of an articulation between the convex head of the femur and the concave acetabulum of the pelvis, or hip bone (fig.). Normal rom 180 degrees patient position seated axis at or just below tip of acromion fixed armaligned with midline of body movable arm along shaft of humerus special instructions patient must keep arm straight.